Saturday, July 24, 2010

Nuclear Secrets- Israel

I am Your Spy

"I have sacrificed my freedom and risked my life in order to expose the danger of nuclear weapons which threatens this whole region. I acted on behalf of all citizens and all of humanity."

He is Mordechai Vanunu, born on 14, Oct 1954 as a son of Morrocan Jews, in 1963 his family emigrated to Israel, there he joined military services (1971-74) and fought bloody wars against arab world, later Vanunu worked as a technician at Israel’s Dimona nuclear plant in the Negev Desert from 1976-1985. Citing his opposition to weapons of mass destruction, revealed details of Israel's nuclear weapons program to the British press, On October 5, 1986, the London Sunday Times newspaper headlines boldly announced, "Revealed: The Secrets of Israel's Nuclear Arsenal." The startling story, based on interviews with Vanunu and the 60 photographs he provided showing Israeli plutonium spheres used for triggers in nuclear warheads, revealed that Israel was fast developing nuclear weapons.

In detail, Vanunu's data showed that Israel possessed over 200 bombs with boosted devices, neutron bombs, F-16 deliverable warheads, and Jericho warheads. The boosted weapons shown in the Vanunu photographs revealed a sophistication that inferred the requirement for testing. Vanunu revealed for the first time the underground plutonium separation facility where Israel was producing 40 kilograms annually, several times more than previous estimates. Photographs showed sophisticated designs which scientific experts say enabled the Israelis to build bombs with as little as 4 kilograms of plutonium.

Below: Vanunu revealed to press during imprisionment "Kidnapped in Rome by Mossad Agents and flight details"
A week prior to the interview’s publication, he was lured by a Mossad agent from London to Rome ( more details), where he was apprehended and whisked off to Israel. In secret proceedings, Vanunu stood trial for treason, was swiftly convicted, and sentenced to 18 years behind bars. He spent more than 11 of them in solitary confinement. He was released from prison April 21, 2004 with severe restrictions on his activities for at least the next six months and possibly indefinitely. Vanunu may not communicate with foreigners and may not travel into certain areas of Israel. more to read..

Vanunu has been characterized by some as a whistleblower and by others as a traitor (in israel). Daniel Ellsberg has referred to him as "the preeminent hero of the nuclear era", Amnesty International issued a press release that "The organisation considers Mordechai Vanunu to be a prisoner of conscience and calls for his immediate and unconditional release. moreover “He [Vanunu] has written letters to us this year and last year also, where he stated explicitly that he did not want to be a candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize. The reason he gave was that Simon Peres had received the Nobel Peace Prize, and Peres he alleged was the father of the Israeli atomic bomb and he did not want to be associated with Peres in any way.” – Geir Lundestad, Director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute and Secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, 24 February 2010.

"Dimona should be open to international inspections, should be shut down because it is past its age, beyond 25-30 years, it is now 40 years working. If the U.S. is looking for nuclear weapons in the Middle East, or a nuclear factory, it is here in Israel." - Mordechai Vanunu

Some Facts

1. French premier Guy Mollet is even quoted as saying privately that France "owed" the bomb to Israel- France and Israel signed a revised agreement (after Suez Canal crisis) calling for France to build a 24 MWt (now it is revised to 75 MWt, some fear it to be 200 MWt) reactor (although the cooling systems and waste facilities were designed to handle three times that power) and, in protocols that were not committed to paper, a chemical reprocessing plant. This complex was constructed in secret, and outside the IAEA inspection regime, by French and Israeli technicians at Dimona, in the Negev desert A new intelligence agency, the Office of Science Liasons,(LEKEM) was created to provide security and intelligence for the project. At the height construction, some 1,500 Israelis some French workers were employed building Dimona. To maintain secrecy, French customs officials were told that the largest of the reactor components, such as the reactor tank, were part of a desalinization plant bound for Latin America. In addition, after buying heavy water from Norway on the condition that it not be transferred to a third country, the French Air Force secretly flew as much as four tons of the substance to Israel. more to read..

2. Vela Incident- There is no evidence that Israel has ever carried out a nuclear test, although many observers speculated that a suspected nuclear explosion in the southern Indian Ocean in 1979 was a joint South African-Israeli test. more to read...

3. British Aid- Top secret British documents obtained by BBC Newsnight show that Britain made hundreds of secret shipments of restricted materials to Israel in the 1950s and 1960s. These included specialist chemicals for reprocessing and samples of fissile material—uranium-235 in 1959, and plutonium in 1966, as well as highly enriched lithium-6 which is used to boost fission bombs and fuel hydrogen bombs.The investigation also showed that Britain shipped 20 tons of heavy water directly to Israel in 1959 and 1960 to start up the Dimona reactor.The transaction was made through a Norwegian front company called Noratom which took a 2% commission on the transaction. Britain was challenged about the heavy water deal at the International Atomic Energy Agency after it was exposed on Newsnight in 2005. British Foreign Minister Kim Howells claimed this was a sale to Norway. But a former British intelligence officer who investigated the deal at the time confirmed that this was really a sale to Israel and the Noratom contract was just a charade. The Foreign Office finally admitted in March 2006 that Britain knew the destination was Israel all along.Israel admits running the Dimona reactor with Norway's heavy water since 1963. French engineers who helped build Dimona say the Israelis were expert operators, so only a relatively small portion of the water were lost during the years past since the first operation of the reactor.

4. South African Documents- In 2010, The Guardian released South African government documents that it alleged confirmed the existence of Israel's nuclear arsenal. According to the Guardian, the documents are minutes taken by the South African side of alleged meetings between senior officials from the two countries in 1975. The Guardian alleged that these documents reveal that Israel had offered to sell South Africa nuclear weapons that year. The documents appeared to confirm information disclosed by a former South African naval commander, who said there was an agreement between Israel and South Africa which involved an offer by Israel to arm eight Jericho missiles with atomic bombs, however Israel denied the reports, but later on Two South African journalists described that Eschel Rhoodie, the apartheid government's information minister, privately described in 1979 how he had transported "the trigger" (of a nuclear weapon) as hand luggage on a flight from Tel Aviv.

Now the real question is "Israel has fewer enemies (mainly Arab world), so 10-30 (at max) Nuclear Bombs are sufficient, but Why Israelis are making 100-200 Nuclear Bombs?"

May be they think that, Nobody has helped/protected them in World War II from Hitler and their Nazi allies, they suffered a lot during The Holocaust (was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored extermination by Nazi Germany). Nuclear Bomb is widely supported by many leaders of Israel but, they maintain nuclear ambiguity above perception can be firmly supported by the following statement by Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC) chairman, Ernst David Bergmann in 1952, who had long advocated an Israeli bomb as the best way to ensure "that we shall never again be led as lambs to the slaughter."

The question, whether Israel is the 6th Nuclear state after Big 5 (USA, China, Germany, France and UK) is what i left to the readers, because one possibility always remain there...may be Israel is feilding false believes or a Hoax, they want to bluff others about israel's nuclear programme, due to their violent and unfreindly neighbours (Arab World), i.e Mordechai Vanunu may be their agent or may be he is genuine but they had provided him with false information because its impractical that under the umbrella of most proffessional intelligence agency "MOSSAD" and "SHIN-BET", a guy can take 60 photographs without coming to the notice of others....that is why i left the answer to the readers to decide, whether Israel has Nuclear Secrets?